The School of Archaeology and Museology of Shanxi University originates from the archaeology major of the School of History, which was established in 1977 as one of the 13 earliest archaeology majors in mainland China universities.The major began admitting students in 1978 and has continued to develop and expand first into the Teaching and Research Branchof Archaeology in the Department of History and then the Department of Archaeology in the School of History and Culture. On June 27, 2022, the School of Archaeology and Museology was established with the approval of Shanxi University.
The School of Archaeology and Museology has had a complete training system for undergraduates, graduates, PhD candidates and postdoctoral researchers before its approval as a school. It has been entitled to award different degrees: Master’s Degree in Archaeology since 2002, Doctor's Degree in Archaeology since 2005, Master's Degree in Museology since 2010,and Doctor's Degree in Archaeology as a first-level discipline since 2011. In 2012 the postdoctoral research mobile station in archaeology was established. The archaeology major now is the national first-class undergraduate major construction base of the "DoubleTen-thousand Plan" of the Ministry of Education, the competitive major of higher education institutions in Shanxi Province, and the key discipline of Shanxi Province.
The School of Archaeology and Museology of Shanxi University has an excellent tradition of field archaeology, attaching great importance to practical teaching. This has brought to the school many prizes and honours. The excavation project of the Shizitan Paleolithic Site in Jixian County, Shanxi Province it participated in 2001-2002 won the "National Third Prize of Field Archaeology". In 2006, Professor Lang Baoli, who presided over the excavation of Shahe Site in Rongcheng County, Hebei Province, was selected as theExcavation Group Leader of the Year. In 2007, the School was granted the qualification of group leader of archaeological excavation, and currently there are 13 persons in charge of archaeological excavation projects. In 2017, with the support of the State Administration of Cultural Heritage, Shanxi Provincial Administration of Cultural Heritage and Shanxi Institute of Archaeology, theSchool of Culture and Historyand Datong Institute of Archaeology jointly established the "Jijiazhuang Field Archaeology Teaching and Practice BaseofShanxi University " at the Jijiazhuang site in Yunzhou District, Datong City. Besides, according toOpinions on StrengtheningShanxiArchaeology Workissued by Shanxi Provincial People's Government in July 2022, the Schoolof Archeology and Museologywill also successively establish three field archaeology training bases inCentral Shanxi, South Shanxi andSoutheast Shanxi, forming a "1+3" archaeological training base pattern:training plusexcavation, research and teaching.
The School has started the building-up of the museum since earlier stage, and thus has accumulated a rich collection.In 1943, the Museum of Cultural Relics was established.It has now two exhibition halls of 180 square meters, which house 1,100 cultural relics.Nearly 100 cultural relicsamong them likeChenghua Chicken Cup in Doucai Color(Ming Dynasty (1368-1644), Chenghua Reign (1465-1487)), four-lug celadon jars, and colourful porcelain jars can be assessed as first-class, second-class and third-class precious cultural relics for theirhigh historical, artistic and scientific value.